Use of Valerian has been reported for more than 2000 years, for example, in the 2nd century, the Greek physician Galen recommended Valerian for insomnia. Valerian became popular here and Europe in the mid-1800s until it was replaced by pharmaceutical compounds such as barbiturates. It is still used for relief of occasional sleeplessness in the US, many European Countries and The Soviet Union. It is included in the World Health Organizations Herbal Monographs and the German Comission E Monographs.
Skullcap is native to both North America and Europe. Skullcap was used historically as documented in the British Herbal Pharmacopeia (BHP) and in the Eclectic manuals. Skullcap has a solid reputation in Europe where it is commonly used as a relaxing nervine (a nervine is an herb that has an effect on the central nervous system).
Note: Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) should not be confused with Baikal Skullcap (Scutellaria barbata), which has quite different biological activity.
The traditional use of Hops in the West probably arose from the observation that hop-pickers tire easily. This herb is also used in traditional Chinese medicine.
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